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The history of Mijas

Mijas was originally founded by the people from Tartessos, a mysterious civilization of which very few details are known. The Tertessians were important trading partners of the Phoenicians, who were established on the Atlantic Cost of southern Spain since the 8th century BC.

Attracted by the wealth of minerals in the Sierra de Mijas mountains the village was frequently visited by Phoenicians, Carthaginian and Greeks sailors and traders. During the time of the roman domination of Spain, the village of Tamisa, as it was known by the Romans, was a prosperous little town. The marble from the quarries in Mijas was highly appreciated and marble statues and other artwork can be found in several cities in Spain and even Italy.

History of Mijas

When Spain was invaded by nomadic tribes of Germanic people in the 4th century AC, Tamisa also fell in the hands of the Visigoths who flourished during the late Roman Empire. In the 8th century the Moors conquered Al Andalus. In return for a part of the crops and other farming activities the Moors allowed the people of Mixa to preserve their culture, customs, religion and even their properties.

The village was conquered by Umar ibn Hafsun, a Christian leader in southern Spain from the 9th century during the period of the emirate of Cordoba.

During the time of the emirate of Cordoba, the village was conquered by Umar ibn Hafsun, who settled in the ruins of the Bobastro castle near Ardales until he was defeated by Abd al-Rahman III, the Emir and Caliph of Córdoba of the Ummayad dynasty in the late ninth century.

In the 15th century and as long as the siege of Malaga lasted the village of Mijas resisted the attacks of the King Ferdinand II of Aragon and Queen Isabella I of Castile, the Catholic Monarchs; after the city of Malaga fell in the year 1487, the people from Mijas surrendered as well. Most of the inhabitants were sold as slaves.

During the War of the Communities of Castile, an uprising against Charles V by citizens of Castile, the village of Mijas remained loyal to the crown of Spain and was granted the title of Muy Leal. The town was exempted from royal excises and promoted to the status of villa by Joanna of Castile not much later.

Due to the intense activity of pirates during this period onwards and well into the 19th century a fair number of watchtowers, which can still be admired and visited along the coast of Mijas and other coastal towns along the Costa del Sol, were erected to protect the population from piracy.

source: Wikipedia

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